Community of Inquiry References

Academic References

Christopher, M., Thomas, J., & Tallent-Runnells, M. (2010). Raising the bar: Encouraging higher-level thinking in online discussion forums. Roeper Review, 26(3), 166-171. https://doi.org/10.1080/02783190409554262

Compares the experiences of students interacting in online discussion forums and the more time‐constrained interactions students would experience in courses held on campus.​

Clarke, L., & Bartholomew, A. (2014). Digging Beneath the Surface: Analyzing the Complexity of Instructors’ Participation in Asynchronous Discussion. Online Learning: Official Journal of The Online Learning Consortium, 18(3). Retrieved from

https://olj.onlinelearningconsortium.org/index.php/olj/article/view/414

Analyzes the impacts of instructor participation in asynchronous discussions.

Dallimore, E., Hertenstein, J., & Platt, M. (2010).  Classroom participation and discussion effectiveness: Student-generated strategies. Journal of Communication Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/0363452032000135805

Explores techniques faculty can use to increase participation in discussions.

Dockter, J. (2016). The Problem of Teaching Presence in Transactional Theories of Distance Education. Computers and Composition, 40, 73–86.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compcom.2016.03.009

Link to pdf: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Ze6yRD5dC4x96jgYj2xVIhmnbQ4v5gJZ/view?usp=sharing

Garrison, D. R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2000). Critical inquiry in a text-based environment: Computer conferencing in higher education model. The Internet and Higher Education, 2(2-3), 87-105.

Presentation of foundational research on the elements of the Community of Inquiry framework.

Hosler, K., & Arend, B. (2012). The importance of course design, feedback, and facilitation: student perceptions of the relationship between teaching presence and cognitive presence. Educational Medial International, 49(3).

https://doi.org/10.1080/09523987.2012.738014

Investigates student perceptions of elements of cognitive and teaching presence in both online and face-to-face classes.​

Richardson, J. C., Besser, E., Koehler, A., Lim, J., & Strait, M. (2016). Instructors’ Perceptions of Instructor Presence in Online Learning Environments. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 17(4).

https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v17i4.2330

Considers online faculty perceptions of instructor presence.

Shea, P., Pickett, A., & Pelz, W. (2003). A follow-up investigation of "teaching presence" in the SUNY learning network. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 7(2), 61-80. 

https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v7i2.1856

Examines components of teaching presence that comprise productive online interactions amongst students and between faculty and students.​

Sheridan, K., & Kelly, M.A. (2010). The Indicators of Instructor Presence that are Important to Students in Online Courses. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 6(4), 767–779.

Link to pdf: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1uoioamJPfZ9ltSzRRk2Et-ouGVmAM3Ei/view?usp=sharing

© 2020 Office of Teaching and Learning Strategies, Center for Innovation in Learning.

Privacy Policy  -  Terms & Conditions  -  Notice of Nondiscrimination -  Website Accessibility  -  Accommodations

Contact Us

National University Headquarters

11255 Torrey Pines Rd. (South Building)

La Jolla, CA 92037

TeachingStrategies@nu.edu 

Get monthly teaching resources.

© 2020 Office of Teaching and Learning Strategies, Center for Innovation in Learning.

Privacy Policy  -  Terms & Conditions